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Notes sur FreeBSD version 4.1

                               NOTES DE VERSION
                              FreeBSD 4.1-RELEASE

Any installation failures or crashes should be reported by using the
send-pr command (those preferring a Web-based interface can also see
http://www.freebsd.org/send-pr.html).

For information about FreeBSD and the layout of the 4.1-RELEASE
directory (especially if you're installing from floppies!), see
ABOUT.TXT.  For installation instructions, see the INSTALL.TXT and
HARDWARE.TXT files.

For the latest 4.1-stable snapshots (post-4.1 snaps), you should
always see:

        ftp://releng4.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD

Table of contents:
------------------
1. What's new since 4.0-RELEASE
   1.1 KERNEL CHANGES
   1.2 SECURITY FIXES
   1.3 USERLAND CHANGES

2. Supported Configurations
   2.1 Disk Controllers
   2.2 Ethernet cards
   2.3 FDDI
   2.4 ATM
   2.5 Misc

3. Obtaining FreeBSD
   3.1 FTP/Mail
   3.2 CDROM

4. Upgrading from previous releases of FreeBSD

5. Reporting problems, making suggestions, submitting code

6. Acknowledgements


1. Nouveautés depuis la version 4.0-RELEASE
-------------------------------------------

1.1. NOYAU
----------

FreeBSD 4.1-RELEASE inclu le code mis à jour du projet KAME
(http://www.kame.net) ce qui comprend les fonctionnalités suivantes :

* Amélioration significative des fonctions IPSEC. En particulier, les associations
  de sécurité IPSEC n'ont plus besoin d'être précisées manuellement : le nouveau code
  supporte racoon, le démon IKE de KAME, qui est disponible dans
  /usr/ports/security/racoon. Racoon communique très bien avec d'autres systèmes
  IKE, ce qui signifie que FreeBSD 4.1 peut être utilisé dans un environnement IPSEC
  hétérogène. Cependant, racoon *est* toujours un projet en développement, ce qui
  signifie qu'il peut encore y avoir des bugs, des changements de syntaxe
  pour la configuration, etc.

* 9 mois de corrections et d'améliorations au code IPv6 par rapport à ce qui
  existait dans FreeBSD 4.0-RELEASE.

* FreeBSD 4.1 peut maintenant être installé dans un réseau uniquement IPv6 - c'est la
  première version de FreeBSD qui peut fonctionner sans avoir besoin d'utiliser IPv4 !
  ftp7.jp.freebsd.org (listé en tant que "Japan #7" dans le programme d'installation "sysinstall")
  est un site miroir accessible en IPv6 pour l'installation et le téléchargement de
  logiciels portés sous FreeBSD.

* Le système de contrôle de trafic réseau ALTQ n'a pas encore été intégré - il le sera
  si tout va bien avant la sortie de la version 4.2. Le code le plus expérimental de
  KAME n'a pas non plus été intégré. Si vous avez besoin de ces fonctions, vous pouvez
  utiliser la 4.1-RELEASE+KAME sur ftp://ftp.kame.net qui sera disponible après la
  sortie de la version 4.1-RELEASE.

* PROBLEME CONNU : les montages NFS à travers IPSEC ne semblent pas fonctionner de manière
  fiable dans tous les cas - le montage se coupe et des corruptions de données ont été
  constatées.

Une nouvelle notification d'événement appelée "kqueue" a été ajoutée au noyau
FreeBSD. C'est une nouvelle interface qui peut remplacer "poll/select",
en offrant une meilleure performance ainsi que la possibilité de rapporter
de nombreux differents types d'évênements. Le support pour la surveillance des
changements dans les sockets, pipes, fifos et fichiers est présent ainsi que
pour les signaux et les processus.

Le support pour le "Wired for Management 2.0" (PXE) de Intel a été ajouté au
gestionnaire de démarrage de FreeBSD.  A cause de différences dans l'interface de
programmation (API), les anciennes versions de PXE ne sont pas supportées. Cela
permet un démarrage par réseau avec DHCP.

Concernant la version de FreeBSD pour les systèmes Alpha :

   FreeBSD/alpha inclu désormais un chargeur avec FICL (support de Forth) intégré.

   Les ports parallèles sont maintenant supportés.

    De nouveaux types de systèmes Alpha sont maintenant supportés. Veuillez
   consulter le fichier HARDWARE.TXT pour plus de détails.

   Les AlphaServer 4100 (Rawhide) n'autorisent pas l'installation par
   disquettes ou cdrom. Une parade est d'installer en utilisant une autre machine
   Alpha et de déplacer le disque sur la machine AS4100. Une fois installé, FreeBSD
   fonctionne parfaitement.

    Les AlphaServer 2100A (Lynx) ne sont pas supportés dans cette version. Notez que
   les AlphaServer 2100 (Sable) fonctionnent sans problème.

   Les machines avec interfaces IDE intégrées et dont le SRM permet le démarrage depuis
   ces disques sont maintenant supportées avec le disque IDE comme périphérique
   racine/de démarrage. Consultez le fichier HARDWARE.TXT pour les spécificités
   des machines comme la vitesse, l'utilisation du DMA etc.

    Notez que les consoles TGA (intégrées ou sur cartes d'extension TGA) ne fonctionneront
   pas. Vous devrez utiliser une console série ou installer une carte VGA.


1.2. SECURITE
-------------

Le noyau ainsi que les applications utilisateurs ont été inspectés afin de rechercher
les bugs et les trous de sécurité liés à l'utilisation incorrecte des chaînes de
format dans les fonctions de type vfprintf(). Aucune vulnérabilité n'a été découverte.

Pour les corrections supplémentaires liées à la sécurité, consultez la liste des
"Conseils de Sécurité" à l'adresse http://www.freebsd.org/security/


1.3. PROGRAMMES UTILISATEUR
---------------------------

Support du démon IKE de KAME, racoon, comme indiqué ci-dessus.

Plusieurs utilitaires systèmes supplémentaires (whois, fetch et sans doute
bien d'autres) peuvent maintenant être utilisés avec IPv6.

cdcontrol(1) supporte désormais une commande "cdid" qui calcule et
affiche le numéro de série du CD en utilisant le même algorithme que
celui de la base de données CDDB.

mtree(8) inclu maintenant le support pour un fichier listant les noms de
chemins devant être exclus lors de la création et de la vérification des prototypes.
Cela rend plus facile l'utilisation de mtree en tant que composant d'un
système de détection d'intrusion.

Le système de mot de passe unique OPIE a été mis à jour avec la version 2.32.

OpenSSH a été mis à jour avec la version 2.1.0 qui permet le support du
protocole SSH2 y compris les clefs DSA. Par conséquent, les utilisateurs de OpenSSH
situés aux Etats-Unis n'ont plus besoin de s'en remettre au jeu d'outils RSAREF à
la licence restrictive qui est requis pour gérer les clefs RSA. OpenSSH 2.1 s'intègre
très bien avec les autres clients et serveurs SSH2, y compris le port ssh2. Consultez
http://www.openssh.com pour plus de détails.

OpenSSH peut maintenant faire l'authentification en utilisant les mots de passe OPIE
en mode SSH1. Ce support n'est pas encore disponible en mode SSH2.

camcontrol(8) inclu désormais une fonction "format" intégrée pour le formatage
bas-niveau des disques SCSI.

Le support des périphériques USB a été ajouté au noyau GENERIC et aux programmes
d'installation afin de supporter d'origine les périphériques USB. Notez qu'un
clavier AT doit encore être utilisé durant l'installation initiale mais devrait
fonctionner sans problème ensuite.

Tout le mécanisme de boot des systèmes i386 a été corrigé pour supporter la détection
automatique et l'utilisation des extensions BIOS de Gestion de Disque Avancé afin de
supporter le boot au delà du 1023ème cylindre. En raison de ce changement, le gestionnaire
de démarrage de FreeBSD (boot0) est passé d'une taille de 1 secteur (512 octets) à 2
secteurs (1024 octets). Plusieurs changements ont donc été faits pour gérer les
chargeurs de boot MBR de tailles variables.

libfetch a été grandement amélioré. fetch(1) et les outils pkg utilisent dorénavant
libfetch au lieu de libftpio, ce qui signifie que les outils pkg ont gagné le
support du HTTP et que les deux ont gagné le support IPv6.

Le shell csh(1) a été remplacé par tcsh(1) bien qu'il puisse être encore
utilisé comme csh(1).

La commande more(1) a été remplacée par less(1) bien qu'elle puisse être
encore utilisée comme more(1).

ls(1) peut produire des listes de fichiers en couleur avec l'option -G (et un
terminal approprié).


2. Supported Configurations
---------------------------
FreeBSD currently runs on a wide variety of ISA, VLB, EISA, MCA and PCI
bus based PC's, ranging from 386sx to Pentium class machines (though the
386sx is not recommended).  Support for generic IDE or ESDI drive
configurations, various SCSI controller, network and serial cards is
also provided.

What follows is a list of all peripherals currently known to work with
FreeBSD.  Other configurations may also work, we have simply not as yet
received confirmation of this.


2.1. Disk Controllers
---------------------
WD1003 (any generic MFM/RLL)
WD1007 (any generic IDE/ESDI)
IDE
ATA

Adaptec 1535 ISA SCSI controllers
Adaptec 154x series ISA SCSI controllers
Adaptec 164x series MCA SCSI controllers
Adaptec 174x series EISA SCSI controller in standard and enhanced mode.
Adaptec 274X/284X/2920C/294x/2950/3940/3950 (Narrow/Wide/Twin) series
EISA/VLB/PCI SCSI controllers.
Adaptec AIC7850, AIC7860, AIC7880, AIC789x, on-board SCSI controllers.
Adaptec 1510 series ISA SCSI controllers (not for bootable devices)
Adaptec 152x series ISA SCSI controllers
Adaptec AIC-6260 and AIC-6360 based boards, which includes the AHA-152x
and SoundBlaster SCSI cards.

AdvanSys SCSI controllers (all models).

BusLogic MultiMaster controllers:

[ Please note that BusLogic/Mylex "Flashpoint" adapters are NOT yet supported ]

BusLogic MultiMaster "W" Series Host Adapters:
    BT-948, BT-958, BT-958D
BusLogic MultiMaster "C" Series Host Adapters:
    BT-946C, BT-956C, BT-956CD, BT-445C, BT-747C, BT-757C, BT-757CD, BT-545C,
    BT-540CF
BusLogic MultiMaster "S" Series Host Adapters:
    BT-445S, BT-747S, BT-747D, BT-757S, BT-757D, BT-545S, BT-542D, BT-742A,
    BT-542B
BusLogic MultiMaster "A" Series Host Adapters:
    BT-742A, BT-542B

AMI FastDisk controllers that are true BusLogic MultiMaster clones are also
supported.

The Buslogic/Bustek BT-640 and Storage Dimensions SDC3211B and SDC3211F
Microchannel (MCA) bus adapters are also supported.

DPT SmartCACHE Plus, SmartCACHE III, SmartRAID III, SmartCACHE IV and
SmartRAID IV SCSI/RAID controllers are supported.  The DPT SmartRAID/CACHE V
is not yet supported.

AMI MegaRAID Express and Enterprise family RAID controllers:
    MegaRAID 418
    MegaRAID Enterprise 1200 (428)
    MegaRAID Enterprise 1300
    MegaRAID Enterprise 1400
    MegaRAID Enterprise 1500
    MegaRAID Elite 1500
    MegaRAID Express 200
    MegaRAID Express 300
    Dell PERC
    Dell PERC 2/SC
    Dell PERC 2/DC
Some HP NetRAID controllers are OEM versions of AMI designs, and
these are also supported.  Booting from these controllers is supported.

Mylex DAC960 and DAC1100 RAID controllers with 2.x, 3.x, 4.x and 5.x
firmware:
    DAC960P
    DAC960PD
    DAC960PDU
    DAC960PL
    DAC960PJ
    DAC960PG
    AcceleRAID 150
    AcceleRAID 250
    eXtremeRAID 1100
Booting from these controllers is supported. EISA adapters are not
supported.

SymBios (formerly NCR) 53C810, 53C810a, 53C815, 53C820, 53C825a,
53C860, 53C875, 53C875j, 53C885, 53C895 and 53C896 PCI SCSI controllers:
        ASUS SC-200
        Data Technology DTC3130 (all variants)
    Diamond FirePort (all)
        NCR cards (all)
        Symbios cards (all)
        Tekram DC390W, 390U and 390F
        Tyan S1365


QLogic 1020, 1040, 1040B, 1080 and 1240 SCSI Host Adapters.
QLogic 2100 Fibre Channel Adapters (private loop only).

DTC 3290 EISA SCSI controller in 1542 emulation mode.

With all supported SCSI controllers, full support is provided for
SCSI-I & SCSI-II peripherals, including hard disks, optical disks,
tape drives (including DAT and 8mm Exabyte), medium changers, processor
target devices and CDROM drives.  WORM devices that support CDROM commands
are supported for read-only access by the CDROM driver.  WORM/CD-R/CD-RW
writing support is provided by cdrecord, which is in the ports tree.

The following CD-ROM type systems are supported at this time:
(cd)    SCSI interface (also includes ProAudio Spectrum and
        SoundBlaster SCSI)
(matcd) Matsushita/Panasonic (Creative SoundBlaster) proprietary
        interface (562/563 models)
(scd)   Sony proprietary interface (all models)
(acd)   ATAPI IDE interface

The following drivers were supported under the old SCSI subsystem, but are
NOT YET supported under the new CAM SCSI subsystem:

  NCR5380/NCR53400 ("ProAudio Spectrum") SCSI controller.

  UltraStor 14F, 24F and 34F SCSI controllers.

  Seagate ST01/02 SCSI controllers.

  Future Domain 8xx/950 series SCSI controllers.

  WD7000 SCSI controller.

  [ Note:  There is work-in-progress to port the UltraStor driver to
    the new CAM SCSI framework, but no estimates on when or if it will
    be completed. ]

Unmaintained drivers, they might or might not work for your hardware:

  (mcd)   Mitsumi proprietary CD-ROM interface (all models)


2.2. Ethernet cards
-------------------

Adaptec Duralink PCI Fast Ethernet adapters based on the Adaptec
AIC-6915 Fast Ethernet controller chip, including the following:
  ANA-62011 64-bit single port 10/100baseTX adapter
  ANA-62022 64-bit dual port 10/100baseTX adapter
  ANA-62044 64-bit quad port 10/100baseTX adapter
  ANA-69011 32-bit single port 10/100baseTX adapter
  ANA-62020 64-bit single port 100baseFX adapter

Allied-Telesis AT1700 and RE2000 cards

Alteon Networks PCI Gigabit Ethernet NICs based on the Tigon 1 and Tigon 2
chipsets, including the following:
  Alteon AceNIC (Tigon 1 and 2)
  3Com 3c985-SX (Tigon 1 and 2)
  Netgear GA620 (Tigon 2)
  Silicon Graphics Gigabit Ethernet
  DEC/Compaq EtherWORKS 1000
  NEC Gigabit Ethernet

AMD PCnet/PCI (79c970 & 53c974 or 79c974)

SMC Elite 16 WD8013 Ethernet interface, and most other WD8003E,
WD8003EBT, WD8003W, WD8013W, WD8003S, WD8003SBT and WD8013EBT
based clones.  SMC Elite Ultra.  SMC Etherpower II.

RealTek 8129/8139 Fast Ethernet NICs including the following:
  Allied Telesyn AT2550
  Allied Telesyn AT2500TX
  Genius GF100TXR (RTL8139)
  NDC Communications NE100TX-E
  OvisLink LEF-8129TX
  OvisLink LEF-8139TX
  Netronix Inc. EA-1210 NetEther 10/100
  KTX-9130TX 10/100 Fast Ethernet
  Accton "Cheetah" EN1027D (MPX 5030/5038; RealTek 8139 clone?)
  SMC EZ Card 10/100 PCI 1211-TX

Lite-On 82c168/82c169 PNIC Fast Ethernet NICs including the following:
  LinkSys EtherFast LNE100TX
  NetGear FA310-TX Rev. D1
  Matrox FastNIC 10/100
  Kingston KNE110TX

Macronix 98713, 98713A, 98715, 98715A and 98725 Fast Ethernet NICs
  NDC Communications SFA100A (98713A)
  CNet Pro120A (98713 or 98713A)
  CNet Pro120B (98715)
  SVEC PN102TX (98713)

Macronix/Lite-On PNIC II LC82C115 Fast Ethernet NICs including the following:
  LinkSys EtherFast LNE100TX Version 2

Winbond W89C840F Fast Ethernet NICs including the following:
  Trendware TE100-PCIE

VIA Technologies VT3043 "Rhine I" and VT86C100A "Rhine II" Fast Ethernet
NICs including the following:
  Hawking Technologies PN102TX
  D-Link DFE-530TX
  AOpen/Acer ALN-320

Silicon Integrated Systems SiS 900 and SiS 7016 PCI Fast Ethernet NICs

Sundance Technologies ST201 PCI Fast Ethernet NICs including
the following:
  D-Link DFE-550TX

SysKonnect SK-984x PCI Gigabit Ethernet cards including the following:
  SK-9841 1000baseLX single mode fiber, single port
  SK-9842 1000baseSX multimode fiber, single port
  SK-9843 1000baseLX single mode fiber, dual port
  SK-9844 1000baseSX multimode fiber, dual port

Texas Instruments ThunderLAN PCI NICs, including the following:
  Compaq Netelligent 10, 10/100, 10/100 Proliant, 10/100 Dual-Port
  Compaq Netelligent 10/100 TX Embedded UTP, 10 T PCI UTP/Coax, 10/100 TX UTP
  Compaq NetFlex 3P, 3P Integrated, 3P w/ BNC
  Olicom OC-2135/2138, OC-2325, OC-2326 10/100 TX UTP
  Racore 8165 10/100baseTX
  Racore 8148 10baseT/100baseTX/100baseFX multi-personality

ADMtek Inc. AL981-based PCI Fast Ethernet NICs
ADMtek Inc. AN985-based PCI Fast Ethernet NICs
ADMtek Inc. AN986-based USB Ethernet NICs including the following:
  LinkSys USB100TX
  Billionton USB100
  Melco Inc. LU-ATX
  D-Link DSB-650TX
  SMC 2202USB

CATC USB-EL1210A-based USB Ethernet NICs including the following:
  CATC Netmate
  CATC Netmate II
  Belkin F5U111

Kawasaki LSI KU5KUSB101B-based USB Ethernet NICs including
the following:
  LinkSys USB10T
  Entrega NET-USB-E45
  Peracom USB Ethernet Adapter
  3Com 3c19250
  ADS Technologies USB-10BT
  ATen UC10T
  Netgear EA101
  D-Link DSB-650
  SMC 2102USB
  SMC 2104USB
  Corega USB-T

ASIX Electronics AX88140A PCI NICs, including the following:
  Alfa Inc. GFC2204
  CNet Pro110B

DEC EtherWORKS III NICs (DE203, DE204, and DE205)
DEC EtherWORKS II NICs (DE200, DE201, DE202, and DE422)
DEC DC21040, DC21041, or DC21140 based NICs (SMC Etherpower 8432T, DE245, etc)

Davicom DM9100 and DM9102 PCI Fast Ethernet NICs, including the
following:
  Jaton Corporation XpressNet

Fujitsu MB86960A/MB86965A

HP PC Lan+ cards (model numbers: 27247B and 27252A).

Intel EtherExpress 16
Intel EtherExpress Pro/10
Intel EtherExpress Pro/100B PCI Fast Ethernet
Intel InBusiness 10/100 PCI Network Adapter
Intel PRO/100+ Management Adapter

Isolan AT 4141-0 (16 bit)
Isolink 4110     (8 bit)

Novell NE1000, NE2000, and NE2100 Ethernet interface.

PCI network cards emulating the NE2000: RealTek 8029, NetVin 5000,
Winbond W89C940, Surecom NE-34, VIA VT86C926.

3Com 3C501 cards

3Com 3C503 Etherlink II

3Com 3c505 Etherlink/+

3Com 3C507 Etherlink 16/TP

3Com 3C509, 3C529 (MCA), 3C579,
3C589/589B/589C/589D/589E/XE589ET/574TX/574B (PC-card/PCMCIA),
3C590/592/595/900/905/905B/905C PCI
and EISA (Fast) Etherlink III / (Fast) Etherlink XL

3Com 3c980/3c980B Fast Etherlink XL server adapter

3Com 3cSOHO100-TX OfficeConnect adapter

Toshiba Ethernet cards

Crystal Semiconductor CS89x0-based NICs, including:
  IBM Etherjet ISA

NE2000 compatible PC-Card (PCMCIA) Ethernet/FastEthernet cards,
including the following:
  AR-P500 Ethernet card
  Accton EN2212/EN2216/UE2216(OEM)
  Allied Telesis CentreCOM LA100-PCM_V2
  AmbiCom 10BaseT card
  BayNetworks NETGEAR FA410TXC Fast Ethernet
  CNet BC40 adapter
  COREGA Ether PCC-T/EtherII PCC-T
  Compex Net-A adapter
  CyQ've ELA-010
  D-Link DE-650/660
  Danpex EN-6200P2
  IO DATA PCLATE
  IBM Creditcard Ethernet I/II
  IC-CARD Ethernet/IC-CARD+ Ethernet
  Linksys EC2T/PCMPC100
  Melco LPC-T
  NDC Ethernet Instant-Link
  National Semiconductor InfoMover NE4100
  Network Everywhere Ethernet 10BaseT PC Card
  Planex FNW-3600-T
  Socket LP-E
  Surecom EtherPerfect EP-427
  Telecom Device SuperSocket RE450T

Megahertz X-Jack Ethernet PC-Card CC-10BT

2.3. FDDI
---------

DEC FDDI (DEFPA/DEFEA) NICs


2.4. ATM
--------

   o ATM Host Interfaces
        - FORE Systems, Inc. PCA-200E ATM PCI Adapters
        - Efficient Networks, Inc. ENI-155p ATM PCI Adapters

   o ATM Signalling Protocols
        - The ATM Forum UNI 3.1 signalling protocol
        - The ATM Forum UNI 3.0 signalling protocol
        - The ATM Forum ILMI address registration
        - FORE Systems's proprietary SPANS signalling protocol
        - Permanent Virtual Channels (PVCs)

   o IETF "Classical IP and ARP over ATM" model
        - RFC 1483, "Multiprotocol Encapsulation over ATM Adaptation Layer 5"
        - RFC 1577, "Classical IP and ARP over ATM"
        - RFC 1626, "Default IP MTU for use over ATM AAL5"
        - RFC 1755, "ATM Signaling Support for IP over ATM"
        - RFC 2225, "Classical IP and ARP over ATM"
        - RFC 2334, "Server Cache Synchronization Protocol (SCSP)"
        - Internet Draft draft-ietf-ion-scsp-atmarp-00.txt,
                "A Distributed ATMARP Service Using SCSP"

   o ATM Sockets interface


2.5. Misc
---------

AST 4 port serial card using shared IRQ.

ARNET 8 port serial card using shared IRQ.
ARNET (now Digiboard) Sync 570/i high-speed serial.

Boca BB1004 4-Port serial card (Modems NOT supported)
Boca IOAT66 6-Port serial card (Modems supported)
Boca BB1008 8-Port serial card (Modems NOT supported)
Boca BB2016 16-Port serial card (Modems supported)

Comtrol Rocketport card.

Cyclades Cyclom-y Serial Board.

STB 4 port card using shared IRQ.

SDL Communications Riscom/8 Serial Board.
SDL Communications RISCom/N2 and N2pci high-speed sync serial boards.

Stallion multiport serial boards: EasyIO, EasyConnection 8/32 & 8/64,
ONboard 4/16 and Brumby.

Specialix SI/XIO/SX ISA, EISA and PCI serial expansion cards/modules.

Adlib, SoundBlaster, SoundBlaster Pro, ProAudioSpectrum, Gravis UltraSound
and Roland MPU-401 sound cards. (snd driver)

Most ISA audio codecs manufactured by Crystal Semiconductors, OPTi, Creative
Labs, Avance, Yamaha and ENSONIQ. (pcm driver)

Connectix QuickCam
Matrox Meteor Video frame grabber
Creative Labs Video Spigot frame grabber
Cortex1 frame grabber
Hauppauge Wincast/TV boards (PCI)
STB TV PCI
Intel Smart Video Recorder III
Various Frame grabbers based on Brooktree Bt848 / Bt878 chip.

HP4020, HP6020, Philips CDD2000/CDD2660 and Plasmon CD-R drives.

PS/2 mice

Standard PC Joystick

X-10 power controllers

GPIB and Transputer drivers.

Genius and Mustek hand scanners.

Xilinx XC6200 based reconfigurable hardware cards compatible with
the HOT1 from Virtual Computers (www.vcc.com)

Support for Dave Mills experimental Loran-C receiver.

Lucent Technologies WaveLAN/IEEE 802.11 PCMCIA and ISA standard speed
(2Mbps) and turbo speed (6Mbps) wireless network adapters and workalikes
(NCR WaveLAN/IEEE 802.11, Cabletron RoamAbout 802.11 DS, and Melco
Airconnect). Note: the ISA versions of these adapters are actually PCMCIA
cards combined with an ISA to PCMCIA bridge card, so both kinds of
devices work with the same driver.

Aironet 4500/4800 series 802.11 wireless adapters. The PCMCIA,
PCI and ISA adapters are all supported.


3. Obtaining FreeBSD
--------------------

You may obtain FreeBSD in a variety of ways:


3.1. FTP/Mail
-------------

You can ftp FreeBSD and any or all of its optional packages from
`ftp.freebsd.org' - the official FreeBSD release site.

For other locations that mirror the FreeBSD software see the file
MIRROR.SITES.  Please ftp the distribution from the site closest (in
networking terms) to you.  Additional mirror sites are always welcome!
Contact freebsd-admin@FreeBSD.org for more details if you'd like to
become an official mirror site.

3.2. CDROM
----------

FreeBSD 4.1-RELEASE and 3.x-RELEASE CDs may be ordered on CDROM from:

        BSDi
        4041 Pike Lane, Suite F
        Concord CA  94520
        1-800-786-9907, +1-925-674-0783, +1-925-674-0821 (FAX)

Or via the Internet from orders@wccdrom.com or http://www.freebsdmall.com.

Cost per -RELEASE CD is $39.95 or $24.95 with a FreeBSD subscription.
FreeBSD SNAPshot CDs, when available, are $39.95 or $14.95 with a
FreeBSD-SNAP subscription (-RELEASE and -SNAP subscriptions are entirely
separate).  With a subscription, you will automatically receive updates as
they are released.  Your credit card will be billed when each disk is
shipped and you may cancel your subscription at any time without further
obligation.

Shipping (per order not per disc) is $5 in the US, Canada or Mexico
and $9.00 overseas.  They accept Visa, Mastercard, Discover, American
Express or checks in U.S. Dollars and ship COD within the United
States.  California residents please add 8.25% sales tax.

Should you be dissatisfied for any reason, the CD comes with an
unconditional return policy.


4. Upgrading from previous releases of FreeBSD
----------------------------------------------

If you're upgrading from a previous release of FreeBSD, most likely
it's 3.0 and there may be some issues affecting you, depending
of course on your chosen method of upgrading.  There are two popular
ways of upgrading FreeBSD distributions:

        o Using sources, via /usr/src
        o Using sysinstall's (binary) upgrade option.

Please read the UPGRADE.TXT file for more information, preferably
before beginning an upgrade.


5. Reporting problems, making suggestions, submitting code.
-----------------------------------------------------------
Your suggestions, bug reports and contributions of code are always
valued - please do not hesitate to report any problems you may find
(preferably with a fix attached, if you can!).

The preferred method to submit bug reports from a machine with
Internet mail connectivity is to use the send-pr command or use the CGI
script at http://www.freebsd.org/send-pr.html.  Bug reports
will be dutifully filed by our faithful bugfiler program and you can
be sure that we'll do our best to respond to all reported bugs as soon
as possible.  Bugs filed in this way are also visible on our WEB site
in the support section and are therefore valuable both as bug reports
and as "signposts" for other users concerning potential problems to
watch out for.

If, for some reason, you are unable to use the send-pr command to
submit a bug report, you can try to send it to:

                freebsd-bugs@FreeBSD.org

Note that send-pr itself is a shell script that should be easy to move
even onto a totally different system.  We much prefer if you could use
this interface, since it make it easier to keep track of the problem
reports.  However, before submitting, please try to make sure whether
the problem might have already been fixed since.


Otherwise, for any questions or tech support issues, please send mail to:

                freebsd-questions@FreeBSD.org


If you're tracking the -stable development efforts, you should
definitely join the -stable mailing list, in order to keep abreast
of recent developments and changes that may affect the way you
use and maintain the system:

        freebsd-stable@FreeBSD.org


Additionally, being a volunteer effort, we are always happy to have
extra hands willing to help - there are already far more desired
enhancements than we'll ever be able to manage by ourselves!  To
contact us on technical matters, or with offers of help, please send
mail to:

                freebsd-hackers@FreeBSD.org


Please note that these mailing lists can experience *significant*
amounts of traffic and if you have slow or expensive mail access and
are only interested in keeping up with significant FreeBSD events, you
may find it preferable to subscribe instead to:

                freebsd-announce@FreeBSD.org


All of the mailing lists can be freely joined by anyone wishing
to do so.  Send mail to MajorDomo@FreeBSD.org and include the keyword
`help' on a line by itself somewhere in the body of the message.  This
will give you more information on joining the various lists, accessing
archives, etc.  There are a number of mailing lists targeted at
special interest groups not mentioned here, so send mail to majordomo
and ask about them!


6. Acknowledgements
-------------------

FreeBSD represents the cumulative work of many dozens, if not
hundreds, of individuals from around the world who have worked very
hard to bring you this release.  For a complete list of FreeBSD
project staffers, please see:

        http://www.freebsd.org/handbook/staff.html

or, if you've loaded the doc distribution:

        file:/usr/share/doc/handbook/staff.html


Special mention to:

        The donors listed at http://www.freebsd.org/handbook/donors.html
        and to the many thousands of FreeBSD users and testers all over the
        world, without whom this release simply would not have been possible.

We sincerely hope you enjoy this release of FreeBSD!

                        The FreeBSD Project
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